The scriptures make it abundantly clear who was to be judged at the 'end of the age' ...and on who God's wrath would be poured out in the Great Tribulation.
Matt 23:29 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets and adorn the monuments of the righteous, 30 and say, 'If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.'
31 "Therefore you are witnesses against yourselves that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets. 32 Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers' guilt. 33 Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell? 34 Therefore, indeed, I send you prophets, wise men, and scribes: some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city, 35 that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 36 Assuredly, I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation . NKJV
Israel had rejected God's messengers throughout the ages and had become almost completely apostate.
Luke 19:41 Now as He drew near, He saw the city and wept over it, 42 saying, "If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43 For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side, 44 and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation ." NKJV
God had warned Israel even about the TIMING of the coming judgment...and still they refused to repent.
Luke 21:20 "But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is near. 21 Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, let those who are in the midst of her depart, and let not those who are in the country enter her. 22 For these are the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. 23 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! For there will be great distress in the land and wrath upon this people. 24 And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. NKJV
Luke 23:28 But Jesus, turning to them, said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For indeed the days are coming in which they will say, 'Blessed are the barren, wombs that never bore, and breasts which never nursed!' 30 Then they will begin 'to say to the mountains, "Fall on us!" and to the hills, "Cover us!"' NKJV
Jesus here links the JUDGMENT on THAT SPECIFIC GENERATION to Revelations 6:6-17...which also references Hosea 10:8. This IS THE GREAT TRIBULATION that the Old and New Testament including the Book of REVELATIONS refer to....there is not another one prophecied.
But it got worse...Israel also rejected and KILLED their Messiah in AD 33
Matt 21:33 "Hear another parable: There was a certain landowner who planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a winepress in it and built a tower. And he leased it to vinedressers and went into a far country. 34 Now when vintage-time drew near, he sent his servants to the vinedressers , that they might receive its fruit. 35 And the vinedressers took his servants, beat one, killed one, and stoned another. 36 Again he sent other servants, more than the first, and they did likewise to them. 37 Then last of all he sent his son to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.' 38 But when the vinedressers saw the son, they said among themselves, 'This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.' 39 So they took him and cast him out of the vineyard and killed him.
40 "Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vinedressers ?"
41 They said to Him,"He will destroy those wicked men miserably, and lease his vineyard to other vinedressers who will render to him the fruits in their seasons."
42 Jesus said to them, "Have you never read in the Scriptures:
'The stone which the builders rejected
Has become the chief cornerstone.
This was the LORD's doing,
And it is marvelous in our eyes'?
43 "Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it. 44 And whoever falls on this stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder." NKJV
This played out at Jesus's judgment before Pilate
Matt 27:22 Pilate said to them, "What then shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?"
They all said to him, "Let Him be crucified!"
23 Then the governor said,"Why, what evil has He done?"
But they cried out all the more, saying, "Let Him be crucified!"
24 When Pilate saw that he could not prevail at all, but rather that a tumult was rising, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, "I am innocent of the blood of this just Person. You see to it."
25 And all the people answered and said,"His blood be on us and on our children."
26 Then he released Barabbas to them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified. NKJV
Please note that Jesus wept over Jerusalem (Not over Rome or New York or Los Angeles or Babylon)
Matt 23:37 "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! 38 See! Your house is left to you desolate; NKJV
The reason the abomination that causes desolation was loosed upon ISRAEL and Jerusalem was that not only would she reject and KILL her Messiah .. but that she would then still continue in the pretense of offering sacrifices to God in the temple. Think about this from God's view for a moment.
The apostles preached the coming judgment after Pentecost.
22 "Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know — 23 Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death; 24 whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it. NKJV
Acts 2:36 "Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ."
37 Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, "Men and brethren, what shall we do?"
38 Then Peter said to them, "Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. NKJV
Peter hammers the message home again
Acts 3:13 The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified His Servant Jesus, whom you delivered up and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let Him go. 14 But you denied the Holy One and the Just, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, 15 and killed the Prince of life, whom God raised from the dead, of which we are witnesses. NKJV
Acts 5:27 And the high priest asked them, 28 saying,"Did we not strictly command you not to teach in this name? And look, you have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this Man's blood on us!" 29 But Peter and the other apostles answered and said:"We ought to obey God rather than men. 30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus whom you murdered by hanging on a tree. NKJV
Despite all this only the godly REMNANT of Israel repented and believed (1 Kings 19:18, 2 Chron 30:6, Is 1:9, Is 37:2, Acts 2:41, Rom 11:4)...they were 'added to the church'
The rest of the Jews persecuted the church everywhere... and many were killed (from Stephen to James and most of the apostles)
The book of Revelations also spells this out.
Rev 2:9 "I know your works, tribulation, and poverty (but you are rich); and I know the blasphemy of those who say they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan . 10 Do not fear any of those things which you are about to suffer. Indeed, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and you will have tribulation ten days. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life. NKJV
Rev 6:9 When He opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain for the word of God and for the testimony which they held. 10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying,"How long, O Lord, holy and true, until You judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?" 11 Then a white robe was given to each of them; and it was said to them that they should rest a little while longer, until both the number of their fellow servants and their brethren, who would be killed as they were, was completed. NKJV
Revelation says that justice was coming IN A LITTLE WHILE (not 2000 years) .... and the word for 'earth' here is the same word that is used for the land of Israel
And THEN the time came (three verses later)
Rev 6:12 I looked when He opened the sixth seal, and behold, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became like blood. 13 And the stars of heaven fell to the earth, as a fig tree drops its late figs when it is shaken by a mighty wind. 14 Then the sky receded as a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island was moved out of its place. 15 And the kings of the earth, the great men, the rich men, the commanders, the mighty men, every slave and every free man, hid themselves in the caves and in the rocks of the mountains, 16 and said to the mountains and rocks, "Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! 17 For the great day of His wrath has come, and who is able to stand?" NKJV
The WRATH of the Lamb was the vengence executed ON THE GENERATION that rejected and killed Jesus and the apostles and persecuted the early church! This passage contains quotes from Is 34:4 and Is 2:19 and Hos 10:8 concerning what God would do in his day of wrath.
The city was NOT Rome or literal Babylon. Neither is it Los Angeles or New York. It was conclusively Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified. (Rev 16:19, Rev 18:21)
Rev 11:8 And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. NKJV
Brethren, if you disagree please take some time to read Josephus "War of the Jews" . It is an incredible independant historical verification that all these prophecies were FULFILLED.
So why did Israel alone need to be judged?
When you see that Israel, who were God's chosen nation whom He had nurtured for 1500 plus years, had rejected Him after all that he had done for them and then to go as far as to kill His Son Jesus to retain control of their worldly religious empire.... ask yourself if God's wrath was not justified?
God had choosen Israel and bought them out of Egypt with a great display of power and miracles...for them to have a special relationship with Him. He wanted them to be 'a nation of priests'. But they rejected Him and asked for God to speak only to Moses and the priests for fear of dying. While Moses is receiving the Law written by God Himself on stone tablets in which the first commandment says they were to worship the Lord only and not to make graven images or bow down to them ...the Israelites are doing exactly that with the golden calf. The punishment for this was UTTER DESTRUCTION (Ex 22:20).
The Law brought DEATH to ISRAEL because it defines sin...and the consequences are specified.
Rom 5:13 For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. NKJV
Rom 3:19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, NKJV
The Law did not apply to Gentiles ...nor did it apply to the Hebrew people before Moses received the Law for their nation.
The Law required JUDGMENT (Deut 32:36)
Brethren please note tht the early church in Jerusalem CONTINUED to live as Jews UNDER the Law (Acts 15, Acts 20, and Gal 2.... and Hebrews) The judgment on Israell was manifested by the destruction of the temple... No longer could they offer sacrifices and the priesthood was destroyed and the Law made OBSOLETE and vanishing.
Heb 8:13 In that He says, "A new covenant," He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. NKJV
Now when we look at what Jesus achieved on the cross for all mankind
The outcome now for mankind (post AD 70) is very different because when we die the LAW which condemns (2 Cor 3:5-11) HAS ALREADY BEEN ABOLISHED.
1 Cor 15:54 So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: "Death is swallowed up in victory."
55 "O Death, where is your sting?
O Hades, where is your victory?"
56 The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law. 57 But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. NKJV
The sting of death ...or what made man fear death under the Law was that he knew he would be condemned as a sinner...and would be raised and face the wrath of God in judgment.
Today for us as believers, CHRIST has borne all the punishment for our sins...we have passed from death to LIFE and will not be judged again.
John 5:24 "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life. NKJV
The question which remains is 'HAVE YOU PASSED FROM DEATH TO LIFE?
Now ask yourself if God's wrath is likely to be directed 2000 years later IN THE SAME WAY at those who do not know Him and certainly do not have His Son's blood on their hands?
To them God now reaches out His hands in love and offers a NEW Covenant.....
John 3:16 For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 17 For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved. NKJV
Without Jesus those who do not believe will not be saved and will ALL perish...but this is the same outcome for all who do not seek for and find LIFE.
(For those who quote Rom 1:18, Eph 5:6 and Col 3:6, please see how God's wrath which abode at the time the scripture was written, was actually poured out in full on Israel and Jerusalem in Revelations chapters 14-19 in AD70 as history confirms.
Rev 15:1 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them the wrath of God is complete. NKJV
Rom 1:32 who (those on who the wrath of God abides vs 18), knowing the righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things are deserving of death NKJV
Eph 5:5 For this you know, that no fornicator, unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God. NKJV
John 3:18 "He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. NKJV
John 3:36 He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him." NKJV
Those under the wrath of God who have not availed themselves of His mercy, will all DIE. We who believe are NOW ALIVE in Christ and do not face judgment. Yes, we too will all die physically BUT as Jesus tells us...
John 11:25 Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live. 26 And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?"
27 She said to Him, "Yes, Lord, I believe that You are the Christ, the Son of God, who is to come into the world." NKJV
Brethren, things changed when the Old covenant was ended and the New Covenant introduced.
Further support for this can be found in Rev 21:10 where the 'New Jerusalem' which descends from heaven comes AFTER the Judgement and the Lake of Fire. Paul tells us clearly that the 'Jerusalem above' is the NEW COVENANT' (Galatians 4) ... this came into force fully AFTER Jerusalem below and the Temple were destroyed. (ie sacrifices were ceased)
And Jesus Himself again says in Revelations 22:7 & 12... I AM COMING QUICKLY ...and after this we find...
Rev 22:14 Blessed are those who do His commandments, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter through the gates into the city. 15 But outside are dogs and sorcerers and sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and whoever loves and practices a lie. NKJV
His commandments are that we BELIEVE IN JESUS ....and LOVE one another (John 6:29, John 13:34)
Believe and find LIFE eternal with God ....or ... don't believe and remain DEAD and EXCLUDED from the Kingdom of Heaven.